Is it obligatory to be a member of copyright society to hold out the enterprise of issuing or granting licences in respect of literary, dramatic, musical and inventive works included in a cinematograph movie or sound recordings?
I’m of the view that the copyright framework provides authors and homeowners of proper an possibility to hitch or not be part of a copyright society with the intention to conduct the enterprise of issuing or granting licences in respect of literary, dramatic, musical and inventive works included in a cinematograph movies or sound recordings. Because of this Part 33 have to be interpreted to be relevant solely to the members of the copyright society.
I disagree with the judgment for the next causes:
Firstly, a copyright society can a) problem licenses; (b) gather charges; (c) distribute such charges amongst authors and different homeowners of proper; and (d) carry out features according to Part 35. (Part 34(3)). In opposition to this background, take into account
34. Administration of rights of proprietor by copyright society.
(1) Topic to such circumstances as could also be prescribed,— (a) a copyright society might settle for from an creator and different homeowners of proper unique authorisation to manage any proper in any work by problem of licences or assortment of licence charges or each; and
(b) an creator and different homeowners of proper shall have the correct to withdraw such authorisation with out prejudice to the rights of the copyright society below any contract.
As evident from above, an creator and an proprietor of proper has the correct to withdraw authorisation regarding licensing and assortment of licensee charges. If an creator has to essentially conduct enterprise regarding cinematographic movies solely by copyright society, then the query of withdrawing authorisation doesn’t even come up (since an creator can not perform these enterprise features outdoors the copyright society). If one examines the features carried out by copyright society, it turns into clear that issuing licenses and gathering charges are on the core of the envisaged features. The opposite features (particularly, distribution of charges amongst members and performing features in accordance with Part 35) are concomitant to the principle features of issuing licenses and gathering charges. Part 34, subsequently, hints on the alternative structure for authors and homeowners of proper.
Secondly, whether it is made obligatory to hitch a copyright society for conducting enterprise, then it severely limits the choices of authors and homeowners of proper Of observe, the Central Authorities shall not ordinarily register multiple copyright society to do enterprise in respect of the identical class of works (Part 33(3)). The online consequence is that the creator and proprietor of proper shall be pressured to stay within the copyright society even when she/he doesn’t wish to.
It’s true that part 33 offers sure safeguards if the copyright society acts in opposition to the pursuits of authors and homeowners of proper. The central authorities can deregister copyright society if it acts in opposition to the pursuits of authors and homeowners of rights. However that doesn’t present an possibility for an creator or proprietor of agent who’s dissatisfied with the copyright society at a person degree and doesn’t wish to proceed with the copyright society. An excessive interpretation, as adopted by the Madras Excessive Courtroom, would severely restrict the liberty of authors and homeowners of proper in exercising their very own rights. I’m not certain as to how such an excessive interpretation would defend the reliable pursuits of authors and homeowners of proper.
[ Relevant Provisions
Section 33. Registration of Copyright society
(3) The Central Government may, having regard to the interests of the authors and other owners of rights under this Act, the interest and convenience of the public and in particular of the groups of persons who are most likely to seek licences in respect of the relevant rights and the ability and professional competence of the applicants, register such association of persons as a copyright society subject to such conditions as may be prescribed:
Provided that the Central Government shall not ordinarily register more than one copyright society to do business in respect of the same class of works.
(4) The Central Government may, if it is satisfied that a copyright society is being managed in a manner detrimental to the interests of the authors and other owners of right concerned, cancel the registration of such society after such inquiry as may be prescribed.